THE FRENCH REVOLUTION 1789-1792
THE FIRST REPUBLIC 1789-1792 (The Reign of Terror)
THE FIRST EMPIRE 1804-1814
In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte declares himself Emperor of the French.
THE RESTORATION 1814-1830
Louis XVIII (House of Bourbon) is installed as king.
THE JULY REVOLUTION 1830
THE JULY MONARCHY 1830-1848
The crown goes to Louis Philippe (House of Orléans).
THE REVOLUTION OF 1848
THE SECOND REPUBLIC 1848-1852
The nephew of Napoleon I, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, is elected president.
THE SECOND EMPIRE 1852-1870
In December 1851, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte stages a coup d’ėtat. He becomes Napoleon III of the Second Empire.
THE THIRD REPUBLIC 1870-1940
The Third Republic established itself after the defeat of Napoleon III during the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). Taken prisoner after the decisive Battle of Sedan, he was later exiled to England, where he died in 1873.
THE SIEGE OF PARIS
September 19, 1870 to January 28, 1871
Besieged by the Prussian army, the Parisians eat everything on four legs, including rats.
THE PARIS COMMUNE
March to May 1871. Popular uprising comparable to the revolution of 1789, severely repressed by the government and ending in the Bloody Week during which an estimated 30,000 people were killed or summarily executed.