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Archive for the ‘important events’ Category

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION 1789-1792

The storming of the Bastille fortress by the people of Paris

THE FIRST REPUBLIC 1789-1792 (The Reign of Terror)

The guillotine

 THE FIRST EMPIRE 1804-1814 

In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte declares himself Emperor of the French.

Napoleon I

THE RESTORATION 1814-1830

Louis XVIII (House of Bourbon) is installed as king.

Louis XVIII

THE JULY REVOLUTION 1830

THE JULY MONARCHY  1830-1848

The crown goes to Louis Philippe (House of Orléans).

Louis Phillipe

THE REVOLUTION OF 1848

THE SECOND REPUBLIC  1848-1852

The nephew of Napoleon I, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, is elected president.

Louis Napoleon, president of the 2nd Republic

THE SECOND EMPIRE  1852-1870

In December 1851, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte stages a coup d’ėtat. He becomes Napoleon III of the Second Empire.

Napoleon III (same man, upgraded wardrobe)

THE THIRD REPUBLIC 1870-1940

The Third Republic established itself after the defeat of Napoleon III during the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). Taken prisoner after the decisive Battle of Sedan, he was later exiled to England, where he died in 1873.

Napoleon III prisoner of Bismarck

THE  SIEGE OF PARIS

September 19, 1870 to January 28, 1871

Besieged by the Prussian army, the Parisians eat everything on four legs, including rats.

A soup kitchen during the Siege of Paris

THE PARIS COMMUNE

March to May 1871. Popular uprising comparable to the revolution of 1789, severely repressed by the government and ending in the Bloody Week during which an estimated 30,000 people were killed or summarily executed.

Paris burning during the Commune – in the foreground the imperial palace

End of the Bloody Week – bodies exhibited for identification

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